Dealing With Acne Breakouts? We’ve have a solution!-Dr Padmavathi Surapaneni ,Pragna skin and laser clinic
Acne is the most common skin problem we dermatologists come across. Everyone might have faced a breakout at some point of their life. Usually start during puberty due to hormonal activity, the skin produce excess sebum, clogging of the pores and super added bacterial infection together cause acne. Genes play a role and oily and acne prone skins are seen in families. Oily food and milk products may aggravate acne. Hormonal imbalance like PCOS and hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy, infertility treatments can cause breakouts. Certain medications like anticonvulsants, steroids can also lead to break outs. Carefully select your products.
Proper skin care regimen can help you to keep acne and oily skin under control. Wash your face two to three times a day preferably with an oil control face wash that contains either salicylic or glycolic acid. Avoid scribing your face when you have active infection and do not pop pimples as it may leave a scar. Make sure you wash your hair regularly especially if your scalp is oily or if your hair care products are loaded up with oils and conditioning agents. While they could be great for your hair, it’s not good when it rinses out into your face, shoulders and back. Moisture your face with non comedogenic, water based light moisturiser. Use a sunscreen as your daily routine which will help in preventing dark spots.
Consult your dermatologist if the zits are not under control with your skin care routine don’t use over the counter products as some may contain steroids which may harm your skin in long run.
For Mild acne topical creams with clindamycin, Bpo, or retin creams at night will suffice. You may need antibiotics along with creams if they are moderately severe. Also your dermatologist may recommend chemical peel therapies with salicylic acid, glycolic acid or retinol peels, once in a fortnight 4-6 sessions. Peels will exfoliate the upper layer of skin, reduce the clogged pores as well as reduce the sebum (oil) secretion and reduce the bacterial infection. You will get new rejuvenated skin in next few days. End of sessions you will get a even toned, skin free of acne and marks.
Blue light laser for faster recovery of pimples and reduction of marks
Few people with severe acne may develop pitted scars. These can be tackled by fractional lasers. I use fractional co2 laser from Lumenis, these lasers pass through upper layer of skin and stimulate collagen, which is the support tissue of our skin and fills the pits leading to reduced scars and smooth rejuvenated skin.
Non ablative erbium glass laser also works in the same way but it doesn’t remove the upper epidermal layer so the downtime will be less. But you may require more sessions to get the same result as co2 lasers.
Microneedle radiofrequency devices are latest and give equal improvement in scars with less downtime but may be more expensive.
Healthy diet, careful selection of skin care products, early treatment of acne will reduce your breakouts and maintain flawless skin.