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Advancement in Radiology-Dr. Saket Rupramka, Radiology Dept. Head, Park Hospital

Radiology is the use of medical images to diagnose disease within the body which helps in proper treatment of disease. There are several ways used to diagnose diseases such as X-ray , ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), positron emission tomography (PET), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).The X-rays are produced by a combining ionizing radiation and light that strikes a photosensitive surface. It produces a latent image which is then processed. The computed tomography is the workhorse of radiology, while Ultrasonography uses acoustic energy above the audible frequency of humans to produce images. It is one of the cheapest and harmless technologies in radiology and is used to examine imaging of children and pregnant women.

Magnetic resonance imaging uses potential energy stored in the body’s hydrogen atoms. These atoms are manipulated by strong magnetic fields and radiofrequency pulses to produce energy that is used by computer programs to generate two-dimensional and three-dimensional images. The nuclear medicine modality such as the positron emission tomography uses a gamma camera or a positron emission scanner to record radiation emerges from the patient.

The person who performs radiology is called a Radiographer or Radiologic Technologist. The radiologist (doctor) reads the images and sends the report to the physician whom you have consulted. The physician, after reading the radiology report carries out the procedure to treat the disease.

The healthcare industry in India is changing with time and new method and opportunities are providing doctors and physicians to adapt to latest technological advancements. The trends in the industry, especially in radiology, can play a key role in experimental research in the coming years. The image-based techniques and methods need to be more refined and before being implemented in radiology. This requires an in-depth knowledge based on research and development.

Precision medicine is one such example as it improves the health of the patients as they prescribe unique or personalized medicines. For example, two persons suffering from cancer may not require same medicine as each person has different needs and requirements to fight the problem. This engages patients more in personalized medicines due to the help of mobile technology and the internet. Besides this, automated emailing and engaging portals are also playing a major role in providing electronic access to medical records, tests, images and other reports of a patient. The radiology is also expected to have a new platform where patients can also schedule procedure and follow-up examination reminder or to check doctor’s qualification, etc.

With the information technology development and the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in medicine, we are enhancing our future and health. Advanced techniques of quantitative imaging, AI applications, clinical decision support systems, and big data analysis are some of the examples of radiology-specific trends that are expected from IT development in the near future.

The increase in the number of wearable devices has helped many patients and doctors to treat the problem at an early stage. The hospitals and other healthcare providers are also expected to have such devices for the staff including doctors and nurses to manage their workloads. This will reduce their time and increase efficiency and will result in better and improve patient treatment.

In a way, technology is reshaping the healthcare sector in India, especially the radiology department in every aspect to enhance our lifestyle and health. Our healthcare providers should also adapt to these changing trends and latest technologies to fight against life-threatening diseases.

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